The pandemic of Coronavirus has spread its arms throughout the world. For the first time, the World Health Organisation (WHO) stated on 23 January 2020 (Source- Global Hazards Weekly Bulletin), regarding the spread of coronavirus through the human transmission. The Committee agreed on the urgency of the situation. The pandemic of coronavirus has certainly taken us way back into the previous century, questioning our existence over this earth and how we are behaving towards the other existing lives on this planet. The coronavirus pandemic started as a result of the genetic transformation of the virus from bats to humans. However, the theorists also proposed that it could have been created in labs. Whatsoever the reality is, the fact of irresponsible handing measures towards the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the situation. Even though China is continuously being blamed for hiding the criticality and the severity of the pandemic, the accused country is continuously defending their part. Talking about India, we found the very first case on 30 January 2020, in Thrissur, Kerala. And now we have reached to 426,910 active cases till 22 June with 237,252 and 13,703 deaths. No doubt, the fatality rate (2.89%) is less than that of the other countries but the cost we are paying as a result of this pandemic is no less than a disaster for this year.
This year has been continuously facing a challenge towards humanity throughout the world. One disaster backed by the other is a confronting situation for all. Half the year has passed and we have lost 4,841,925 (22 June) in 213 countries (Source – Worldometer) lives from pandemic throughout the world. Africa has faced the encounter of Ebola virus again. A total of 3458 EVD cases were reported. These cases are from 29 health zones with 2277 deaths. Three new cases have been confirmed from the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 10 to 14 April. (Source – World Health Organisation website). In Russia’s Siberia, the swarm of blood-sucking ticks are found. They are interspecies hybrids that produce “fertile offspring” and are capable of carrying infectious agents also, they are very unpleasant when they bite, said by Nina Tikhunova, of the Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Novosibirsk. Invaded in Novosibirsk and Tomsk regions (Source -www.dtnwnext.in)
Not only this but there is a list of hazards that have occurred throughout the world creating a lot of hassles amid COVID-19.
• WHO has given warning on accelerating cases of COVID-19, unto 19 June 2020 the Global Coronavirus death toll has exceeded 450,000
• Dengue cases up to 771% in Cruzeiro do Sul (The State of Acre)
• Floods in China, Czech Republic, France, Mexico City, Pakistan, USA, Ethiopia, Honduras, Indonesia, Yemen, etc.
• Swine flu, landslides in China, locust plague in Iran.
• Landslides in Ethiopia, volcanic eruptions in Ecuador and Italy, lengthy heatwaves in Vietnam and Israel.
• And the list continues… (Source – Global Hazards Weekly Bulletin: June)
On one hand, several people are suffering from psychological crises in these extended periods of lockdown, on the other hand, the statehood of Jammu and Kashmir was taken away by Central Government by abrogating Article 370, after which and still the J&K suffer the setbacks of 11 months of unrest. What about those people of India who are made devoid of rights to enjoy the freedom of speech and communication like the people of other parts of the country?
India alone faced back to back disasters that shocked the whole humanity and economy:
• From 23 February to 1 March 2020 Delhi was drenched in communal riots as a result of hate speeches, provocations, confrontations upon CAA protest. This took about 51 identified lives including 36 Muslims and 15 Hindus and affecting a number of lives with the loss of their homes. (Source- Wikipedia)
• In March, India reported avian flu cases in 3 separate locations
• In Vizag, styrene gas leak took 10 lives and 5,000 fall sick
• Massive dust storm barrelled through Delhi
• The worst locust attack in nearly 30 years originated from Africa to Iran then India via Pakistan
• Extremely heavy rainfall triggered floods and landslides, affecting 30,000
• Northeast part of India was hit by African Swine Flu
• Severe storms in Uttar Pradesh killed 43, cause damage to Taj Mahal
• 21 were killed in landslides within Assam
• In West Bengal, cyclone Amphan caused a lot of damage
• The second was the cyclone in Gujarat and Maharashtra State named Nisarga
• And now India is on to its military unrest as China has outcrossed the boundary, occupying the various areas within Indian territory in Ladakh region, so far 20 Indian soldiers are dead and 10 soldiers are released including 4 Officers (Source- Former: bbc.com >news Later NDTV.com)
This has created a situation of unrest and chaos. Additionally, lockdown also has various psychological and negative impacts on human behaviour.
“Lockdown is the world’s biggest psychological experiment – and we will pay the price”- says The World Economic Forum
“This lockdown will result in a secondary epidemic of burnouts and stress-related absenteeism in the latter half of 2020. Quarantined people are very likely to develop a wide range of symptoms of psychological stress and disorder, including low mood, insomnia, stress, anxiety, anger, irritability.”
“Steep fall in India’s economic growth; World Bank Explains why poor will be most affected” -says The Financial Express.
Pandemic will drag the country’s economic growth within a range of 1.5-2.8 % in the current fiscal. According to the World Bank, the per capita income growth is also likely to deteriorate to 0.5-2.8%. The economical setback as the lockdown has not only slowed down the economy but shut down many crucial parts of it. The unit of labour being the working capacity of an organization, lost their jobs and were forced to migrate due to the imposed lockdown.
In the past, whenever we have encountered disasters, it has always been a trial for the whole humanity in all respects, but this time the pandemic of coronavirus has affected a huge mass as a whole. We can already see the financial crisis seeping in during this disaster, the deep scars of social and psychological trauma will soon unravel itself. Brace up!